Roofing Pro Spokane

Wood Shakes and Wood Shingles Roofing Material: A Comprehensive Guide for Spokane

Wood shakes and shingles are popular roofing materials that have been used for centuries, not so much in Spokane though. They are made from natural wood, which gives them a unique, rustic look that many homeowners find appealing. Wood shakes and shingles are also known for their durability and longevity, making them a great investment for any home.

One of the key differences between wood shakes and shingles is the way they are made. Shingles are cut from a block of wood to create a smooth, uniform surface, while shakes are split from the wood, which gives them a rougher, more natural appearance. Shakes are also thicker than shingles, which makes them more durable and able to withstand harsh weather conditions.

If you’re considering wood shakes or shingles for your next roofing project, there are a few things you should keep in mind. For example, wood is a natural material that can be affected by moisture, so it’s important to choose a high-quality product that has been treated to resist rot and decay.

The wood shingles are commonly used as a residential roofing but also uncommon to see on some commercial building roofs in Spokane area.

Wood shingle roofing

Is Wood Shakes and Wood Shingles Roofing Good for Spokane Area Climate?

Wood shakes and wood shingles have been a traditional roofing choice for many homeowners, offering a natural, rustic aesthetic that complements a wide range of architectural styles. However, when considering wood roofing for the Spokane area, it’s essential to weigh the material’s natural beauty and insulating properties against its performance in the local climate, characterized by cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers.

Natural Insulation and Aesthetic Appeal

Wood shakes and shingles provide excellent natural insulation, helping to keep homes warm in the winter and cool in the summer. This can be particularly beneficial in the Spokane area, where temperature fluctuations are common. Additionally, the unique appearance of wood roofing adds charm and character to homes, enhancing curb appeal and potentially increasing property value.

Durability and Weather Resistance

While wood shakes and shingles can offer durability, their longevity in the Spokane area’s climate hinges on proper maintenance and treatment. Wood is naturally susceptible to moisture, which can lead to issues like rot, mold, and mildew, especially under the heavy snowfalls and rainy conditions common in Spokane winters. However, with regular maintenance, including cleaning, treating for water resistance, and inspecting for damage, wood roofing can withstand these conditions. Modern treatments can also improve wood’s resistance to fire, a consideration for areas prone to dry, hot summers.

Suitability for Spokane’s Climate

Wood shakes and shingles can be a good roofing choice for Spokane, provided that homeowners are diligent about maintenance and choose high-quality, treated wood materials. The natural insulation properties and aesthetic appeal make wood an attractive option, but its susceptibility to moisture and need for regular upkeep cannot be overlooked. For those willing to invest in maintenance, wood roofing can perform well, even in Spokane’s challenging climate.

Your roofing contractor will be able to answer your questions about this roofing system and if this is a good solution for your roof.

History and Evolution of Wood Roofing

Wood roofing has been used for centuries, dating back to ancient Middle Eastern times. It was used to build houses, ships, temples, and buildings. In rural Scandinavia, wood shingles were a common roofing material until the 1950s. Wood shingles were popular in the United States during colonial times, with early wood-shingled roofs differing from region to region depending on the types of wood most readily available.

White pine was typically employed in the Northeast, while shingles made of oak and cypress were more common in the South. Today, wood shingles and shakes are still used for roofing, but they are not as common as they once were due to cost and fire susceptibility.

Wood roofing has evolved over time, with advancements in manufacturing techniques and treatment options. The two most common forms of wood roofing are shakes and shingles. Shakes are thicker than shingles and are split from logs, while shingles are sawn from blocks of wood.

In recent years, there has been a growing trend towards using treated wood for roofing. Treated wood is chemically treated to resist decay, insects, and fire. This treatment process has extended the lifespan of wood roofing, making it a more durable and reliable option.

Overall, wood roofing has a rich history and continues to be a popular choice for homeowners looking for a natural and rustic look. While it may not be as common as other roofing materials, it remains a viable option for those who want a unique and environmentally-friendly roof.

Types of Wood for Roofing

When it comes to wood shakes and shingles roofing, the type of wood used can greatly affect the appearance, durability, and cost of the roof. Here are some of the most popular types of wood used for roofing:

Cedar Shakes and Shingles

Cedar is perhaps the most popular type of wood used for roofing. It is known for its natural resistance to decay, insects, and moisture. Cedar shakes and shingles are also lightweight and easy to work with, making them a popular choice among homeowners and contractors alike. Cedar roofing can last up to 30 years with proper maintenance.

Redwood Shingles

Redwood is another popular type of wood used for roofing. It is known for its natural durability and resistance to decay, making it an excellent choice for areas with high humidity or rainfall. Redwood shingles are also lightweight and easy to work with, making them a popular choice for contractors. Redwood roofing can last up to 50 years with proper maintenance.

Cypress Shingles

Cypress is a durable and long-lasting wood that is known for its natural resistance to decay and insects. Cypress shingles are also lightweight and easy to work with, making them a popular choice for homeowners and contractors alike. Cypress roofing can last up to 25 years with proper maintenance.

Pine Shakes

Pine is a popular and affordable type of wood used for roofing. It is known for its natural beauty and warmth, but it is not as durable as other types of wood. Pine shakes are also heavier and harder to work with than other types of wood, making them a less popular choice among contractors. Pine roofing can last up to 20 years with proper maintenance.

Overall, the type of wood used for roofing will depend on a variety of factors, including the climate, budget, and personal preference of the homeowner. It is important to choose a reputable contractor who can help guide you in selecting the best type of wood for your specific needs.

Manufacturing Process

When it comes to manufacturing wood shakes and shingles, there are a few key differences in the process. Both materials start with raw wood, but the way they are cut and finished can impact their final look and durability.

Shake Cutting

Wood shakes are typically cut by hand, using a process called splitting. The logs are first debarked, and then split along the grain to create individual shakes. This process results in a more rustic, natural look, with each shake having its own unique texture and thickness. However, because the shakes are not uniform in size and shape, they can be more difficult to install than shingles.

Shingle Sawing

In contrast, wood shingles are usually sawn using a machine. This allows for more precise cuts and uniform sizing, which can make installation easier and more efficient. However, the sawing process can also result in a smoother, more uniform look that may not be as desirable for those seeking a more natural aesthetic.

Treatment and Finishing

After the shakes or shingles have been cut, they may be treated with preservatives or finishes to enhance their durability and appearance. Common treatments include fire retardants, insecticides, and fungicides. Finishes can also be applied to change the color or texture of the wood, or to add additional protection against the elements.

Overall, the manufacturing process for wood shakes and shingles can impact their final look, durability, and ease of installation. By understanding the differences between the two materials, homeowners can make an informed decision about which option is best for their needs and preferences.

Design and Aesthetic Appeal

Wood shakes and shingles are known for their timeless and classic look that adds to the overall aesthetic appeal of a home. These roofing materials are popular among traditional and historic homes, but they can also be used in contemporary and modern homes to add a touch of rustic charm.

Color Variations

One of the most significant advantages of wood shakes and shingles is the wide range of color options available. The natural color of wood can range from light yellows to deep reds and browns, making it easy to find a color that complements the architectural style of your home. Over time, wood shakes and shingles can also develop a beautiful patina that adds to their visual appeal.

Texture and Grain

Wood shakes and shingles have a distinct texture and grain pattern that adds depth and character to a roof. The texture and grain pattern can vary depending on the type of wood used, the cut of the wood, and the manufacturing process. Some wood shakes and shingles have a rough, rustic texture, while others have a smooth, polished finish.

Architectural Styles Compatibility

Wood shakes and shingles are versatile roofing materials that can complement a wide range of architectural styles. They are particularly well-suited for homes with a rustic or traditional design, but they can also be used in modern or contemporary homes to add a touch of warmth and character. When choosing wood shakes and shingles for your home, it’s important to consider the architectural style and color scheme of your home to ensure a cohesive and visually appealing look.

In summary, the design and aesthetic appeal of wood shakes and shingles make them a popular choice for homeowners looking to add warmth, character, and visual interest to their homes. With a wide range of color options, texture and grain patterns, and compatibility with various architectural styles, wood shakes and shingles are a versatile and attractive roofing option.

Installation Techniques

Tools and Equipment

Before starting the installation process, we need to make sure that we have all the necessary tools and equipment. Here is a list of some of the essential tools that we need:

  • Hammer
  • Roofing nails
  • Chalk line
  • Utility knife
  • Measuring tape
  • Ladder
  • Safety harness
  • Roof brackets
  • Circular saw
  • Roofing felt
  • Underlayment
  • Ventilation

Installation Steps

The installation process for wood shakes and shingles roofing material is quite similar. Here are the general steps that we need to follow:

  1. First, we need to prepare the roof surface by removing any old shingles or debris, and then install the underlayment and ventilation components.
  2. Next, we need to measure and mark the roof surface to ensure that the shingles or shakes are installed evenly and properly aligned.
  3. Then, we need to install the starter course, which is the first row of shingles or shakes that are installed at the eaves of the roof.
  4. After that, we need to install the remaining courses of shingles or shakes, ensuring that each course overlaps the previous one and is properly aligned.
  5. Finally, we need to install the ridge cap, which is the topmost course of shingles or shakes that covers the ridge of the roof.

Ventilation and Underlayment Requirements

Proper ventilation and underlayment are essential for the longevity and durability of wood shakes and shingles roofing material. Here are some of the ventilation and underlayment requirements that we need to follow:

  • The underlayment should be installed over the roof deck and under the shingles or shakes to provide an extra layer of protection against moisture and water damage.
  • The ventilation components should be installed to allow for proper airflow and prevent moisture buildup in the attic or roof space.
  • The ventilation components should be installed in accordance with local building codes and manufacturer’s specifications.
  • The ventilation components should be installed evenly and properly spaced to ensure maximum efficiency and durability.

Overall, the installation process for wood shakes and shingles roofing material requires proper preparation, tools, and equipment, as well as adherence to ventilation and underlayment requirements. By following these guidelines, we can ensure a long-lasting and durable roof that will protect our homes for years to come.

Durability and Maintenance

Lifespan Expectancy

Wood shakes and shingles are known for their durability, and with proper maintenance, they can last for decades. According to our research, wood shakes can last up to 30 years, while wood shingles can last up to 50 years. However, their lifespan expectancy is heavily dependent on the climate and weather conditions in your area.

Weather Resistance

Wood shakes and shingles are known for their ability to withstand harsh weather conditions, such as heavy rain, wind, and hail. They are also resistant to extreme temperature changes. However, they are susceptible to damage from prolonged exposure to moisture and sunlight. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure that your wood shakes and shingles are properly installed and maintained to prevent any damage from weather elements.

Maintenance Procedures

Proper maintenance of your wood shakes and shingles is critical to ensure their longevity and performance. Here are some maintenance procedures that we recommend:

  • Regular cleaning: It is essential to remove any debris, moss, or algae that may accumulate on your wood shakes and shingles. This can be done by using a soft-bristled brush or a low-pressure power washer.
  • Inspection: Regular inspection of your wood shakes and shingles can help identify any signs of damage or wear and tear. This can help prevent any further damage and ensure that your roof is in good condition.
  • Repair: Any damage or wear and tear identified during inspection should be repaired immediately to prevent it from worsening. This can be done by replacing the damaged or worn-out shakes or shingles.

In conclusion, wood shakes and shingles are a durable and long-lasting roofing material that can provide excellent weather resistance. However, proper maintenance is crucial to ensure their longevity and performance. By following the recommended maintenance procedures, you can help ensure that your wood shakes and shingles last for decades.

Environmental Impact

Wood shakes and shingles are popular roofing materials due to their natural, rustic look. However, it is important to consider their environmental impact before choosing them for your roofing needs. In this section, we will discuss the sustainability, energy efficiency, and recyclability of wood shakes and shingles.

Sustainability

Wood shakes and shingles can be sustainable if sourced from responsibly managed forests. However, the production of wood shingles contributes to deforestation, which has a significant impact on the environment. It is important to ensure that the wood used for your roofing needs comes from sustainable sources.

Energy Efficiency

Wood shakes and shingles are not as energy-efficient as other roofing materials. They have a lower R-value than materials such as metal, tile, or asphalt, which means they do not provide as much insulation. This can lead to higher energy bills and a less comfortable living environment.

Recyclability

Wood shakes and shingles are recyclable, but they are not commonly recycled due to the difficulty of separating the wood from the nails and other materials used in the roofing system. However, they can be reused in other construction projects or repurposed for other uses.

In summary, wood shakes and shingles have a natural, rustic look that is popular with homeowners. However, it is important to consider their environmental impact before choosing them for your roofing needs. While they can be sustainable if sourced from responsibly managed forests, they are not as energy-efficient as other roofing materials and can be difficult to recycle.

Cost Considerations

When considering roofing materials, cost is always a significant factor. Here are some cost considerations for wood shakes and shingles.

Initial Investment

The initial cost of wood shakes and shingles is typically higher than other roofing materials. This is because the materials themselves are more expensive, and the installation process is more complex. However, the unique aesthetic appeal of wood roofing can add significant value to a home, making it a worthwhile investment for some homeowners.

Long-Term Value

While the initial investment in wood shakes and shingles may be higher, the long-term value can be significant. Wood roofing has a natural beauty that can enhance a home’s curb appeal and increase its resale value. Additionally, with proper maintenance, wood roofing can last up to 30 years or more, making it a durable and long-lasting option.

Repair and Replacement Costs

Over time, all roofing materials will require repairs or replacement. When it comes to wood shakes and shingles, repair and replacement costs can be higher than other materials. This is because the materials themselves are more expensive, and the installation process is more complex. Additionally, wood roofing is more susceptible to damage from weather and pests, which can increase repair and replacement costs.

In conclusion, while wood shakes and shingles may have a higher initial investment and repair costs, their long-term value and natural beauty make them a worthwhile investment for some homeowners. It’s essential to consider all factors, including cost, when choosing a roofing material for your home.

Regulations and Standards

When it comes to wood shake and shingle roofing, there are various regulations and standards in place to ensure safety and quality. In this section, we’ll cover some of the most important ones.

Building Codes

The International Residential Code (IRC) and International Building Code (IBC) provide guidelines for the installation of wood shakes and shingles. These codes specify the minimum slope for installation, as well as the requirements for underlayment, flashing, and fasteners. It’s important to follow these codes to ensure that your roof is safe and up to code.

Fire Ratings

Wood shakes and shingles can be treated with fire retardants to improve their fire resistance. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) provides guidelines for the fire resistance of roofing materials. Class A is the highest rating, indicating that the material is highly fire-resistant. Class B and C are lower ratings, indicating less fire resistance. It’s important to choose roofing materials with a high fire rating to minimize the risk of fire damage.

Industry Certifications

The Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau (CSSB) is a non-profit organization that sets standards for wood shake and shingle roofing materials. The CSSB provides grading rules that specify the quality of the materials, as well as guidelines for installation and maintenance. The CSSB also provides certification programs for manufacturers, distributors, and installers of wood shake and shingle roofing materials. It’s important to choose materials that are certified by the CSSB to ensure that they meet industry standards.

In summary, there are several regulations and standards in place to ensure the safety and quality of wood shake and shingle roofing materials. By following these guidelines and choosing certified materials, you can ensure that your roof is up to code and will provide reliable protection for your home.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between wood shakes and wood shingles?

Wood shakes and shingles are both made from natural wood and have a rustic appearance. However, there are some differences between the two. Wood shingles are sawn on both sides and have a smooth, uniform appearance. Wood shakes, on the other hand, are split from the wood and have a rough, textured surface. Shakes are typically thicker than shingles, which makes them more durable and longer-lasting.

What are the average costs associated with installing wood shake or wood shingle roofing?

The cost of installing wood shake or wood shingle roofing varies depending on several factors, such as the type of wood used, the size of the roof, and the complexity of the installation. Generally, wood shakes are more expensive than wood shingles due to their thicker size and more intricate installation process. The average cost of a wood shake roof installation is around $600 to $900 per square, while the average cost of a wood shingle roof installation is around $400 to $700 per square.

What are the three main types of wood shakes available on the market?

The three main types of wood shakes available on the market are cedar, redwood, and pine. Cedar is the most popular choice due to its durability, natural resistance to decay and insects, and aesthetic appeal. Redwood shakes are also durable and have a unique reddish-brown color. Pine shakes are less expensive than cedar and redwood but are also less durable and require more maintenance.

What are the common problems associated with wood shake and shingle roofing?

One of the most common problems associated with wood shake and shingle roofing is moisture damage. Wood is a naturally porous material, which means it can absorb water and become prone to rot and decay. Other common problems include insect infestations, warping, and splitting. Regular maintenance and inspections can help prevent these issues from occurring.

What are the disadvantages of choosing wood shakes, particularly cedar, for roofing?

While wood shakes, particularly cedar, have many advantages, there are also some disadvantages to consider. Wood shakes are more expensive than other roofing materials, and they require more maintenance to keep them in good condition. They are also more prone to fire damage than other roofing materials, which can be a concern in areas with high wildfire risk.

How do wood shake roofs compare in longevity and maintenance to other roofing materials?

Wood shake roofs have a lifespan of around 30 to 40 years, which is shorter than some other roofing materials like metal or tile. However, with proper maintenance and care, they can last longer. Maintenance for wood shake roofs includes regular inspections, cleaning, and treating the wood to prevent decay and insect damage. Overall, wood shake roofs require more maintenance than some other roofing materials, but their natural beauty and durability make them a popular choice for many homeowners.

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